European Links of Early Indian Fascism

Fascism’s Spatial Geographies

In October 1922, Benito Mussolini and his National Fascist Party staged a march on Rome. Through this march, Mussolini seized power in Italy and inaugurated the first self-proclaimed fascist government in the world. Its consequences were far-reaching. Italian fascism inspired Adolf Hitler and the two fascist leaders went on to wreak havoc in the world, waging war and particularly targeting Jews and Communists.

On the Current Juncture in India and the International Context

More and more people in India and concerned observers of the Indian political scene from across the world increasingly agree that parliamentary democracy in India is faced with a real and growing threat of a complete fascist subversion. True, the term fascism is not used by all, several writers prefer terms like rightwing populism, authoritarianism, electoral autocracy, ethnic democracy and so on to describe the current Indian situation. For conceptual clarity, CPI(ML) prefers to use the generic term fascism.

Bulldozer Fascism

From hate speech to state-led terror, resist the trajectory!  

The storm triggered by the Islamophobic bigotry and derogatory remarks against Prophet Muhammad by well-known BJP national spokesperson Nupur Sharma and the party's Delhi media head Naveen Kumar Jindal is fast turning into a wave of targeted state-led terror campaign against Indian Muslims and voices of dissent. The remarks had understandably sparked a major international controversy.

Bulldozing Justice

In a disturbing pattern, Hindu religious festivals in the past week have been used across India as pretexts to organise menacing armed marches through Muslim localities, raising slogans declaring that only those who acknowledge Hindu supremacy can be allowed to stay in India. First on Ram Navami, and then again on Hanuman Jayanti, RSS-affiliated outfits held processions intended only to humiliate, intimidate and attack Muslims, and vandalise mosques.

The Sangh’s Cyber-hate Ecosystem

The saffron brigade's hate-spreading mechanism has now taken the form of websites and applications designed to spread communal hatred and casteism. In addition, it is the right-wing's agenda to make public spaces, both online and offline, inaccessible to women. While women, especially those who are vocal against the right-wing regime, are being viciously targeted, Muslim women are the most vulnerable to online and offline attacks.